Information for Patients
The Constitution guarantees that all citizens are covered under public health insurance, and although funding is established from employment deductions, due to the poverty in the region, the public healthcare system is reliant on other funding sources. The healthcare system is divided into three tiers: Primary, which includes emergency rooms and rural hospitals, Secondary, which includes medical and diagnostic services in hospitals and Tertiary, which is a research/university type medical care. Hospitals are mainly located in the two largest urban cities, Tirana and Durres. This disadvantages the bulk of Albania’s population who live in rural villages and towns, where adequate healthcare is limited. Besides public hospitals, which are managed by the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, many foreign private hospitals have emerged, mostly in the main city of Tirana, and expensive for many people.
Information for Health Care Professionals
Medical practitioners become licensed through the Order of Physicians, a medical regulatory authority for both local and foreign doctors/specialists, first by becoming a member, then by receiving the license to practice. Foreign medical practitioners must adhere to the membership criteria which includes: residence/work permit, good standing in previous country, a unification/equivalence of degree/diploma issues by the previous country, a recommendation letter from an Albanian professional in the same field, and an Albanian language proficiency certificate.
Information for Travelers
Due to the poor access to adequate healthcare outside of Tirana, travelers are recommended to purchase full and comprehensive travel insurance and receive the necessary vaccinations before travel.
Ministry of Health: https://shendetesia.gov.al