Information for Patients
Austria’s two-tiered healthcare system is available to its residents as well as to EU residents when they use their European Health Insurance Card. Despite automatic enrollment in the public system based on employment, insurance is given to co-insured persons (i.e. spouses and dependents, pensioners, students, the disabled, and unemployed). The cost of this public insurance is based on income rather than individual medical history or risk factors.

Hospitals are run publicly or privately, and Austria has a higher than average number of European hospitals per 1000. Wait times for some types of surgeries are either medium or long, which open opportunities for citizens to use the private system.

Information for Health Care Professionals
Boasting the highest number of medical graduates in the OECD per capita, approximately 30% of graduates seek employment outside of Austria. After 5 to 6 years of education, and one year of training, a license to practice can be attained. Those doctors that trained in the EU require medical registration, which includes a medical degree attained in the EU, certificate of good standing from the GMC, and both German as well as English language ability (B2 level), and a right to work in Austria. For foreign doctors outside of the EU, the requirements are similar, with the additional task of providing evidence of recognition of medical studies through an Austrian university. 

Information for Travelers 
Travelers are recommended to purchase travel insurance, despite being from an EU country and carrying a EHIC card, as some health-related costs such as medical repatriation, ongoing medical treatment and non-urgent treatment are not covered. It should be noted that medical tourism is gaining popularity.

Ministry of Health in Austria: