Information for Patients
Azerbaijan received independence from Russia (also known as Soviet Union) in 1991, and since then, the economic fallout affected the healthcare sector. Improvements were continual and in recent years, the World Bank has supported this improvement, with new medical facilities, upgraded medical equipment, and training for medical staff. Although private medical establishments are growing rapidly, the public system are owned and run by the Ministry of Health. Hospitals contain both inpatient and outpatient services, while polyclinics offer only outpatient services, and all are free of charge for citizens of Azerbaijan.
A new pilot project aimed to funding the healthcare sector through mandatory public health insurance was introduced in late 2016.
Information for Health Care Professionals
A shortage of physicians in rural areas exists, however, due to the issue of foreign medical professionals practicing a different specialty in which they were not qualified for, regulations restricting foreign medical professionals may have increased. All applicants should apply online through the Ministry of Health e-services website http://e-sehiyye.gov.az/xaricde_tehsil/.
Citizens who wish to train as a physician are to apply with a high school diploma and science courses, as well as spend 6 years studying in an accredited university. In addition, a residency program must be completed before becoming licensed, which lasts from 2 to 5 years.
Information for Travelers
Non-residents are recommended to purchase private health insurance, while travel health insurance for travelers is also a recommendation. Emergency services outside of the main city of Baku is limited, and requires upfront payment with cash or credit card, regardless of travel insurance holding. Often, evacuation to Turkey or Europe occurs for serious medical emergencies. It should be noted that medical tourism is gaining popularity.
Ministry of Health in Azerbaijan: http://www.sehiyye.gov.az/