Information for Patients 

Following the gain of independence and international recognition in 1993, the Eritrean government inherited a defective healthcare system including a severe shortage of qualified medical staff, medical facilities and a lack in pharmaceutical supplies. 
The Eritrean healthcare system consists of both public and private sectors. Since gaining independence, the government is pursuing significant investments in building and improving healthcare facilities. At present, healthcare system is sectioned into three categories:
a)    Community-based health services covering mobile services to a capacity of around 2000-3000 patients, aiming to deliver primary care.
b)    Health stations aim to offer secondary healthcare services to populations between 5000 to 10000.
c)    Community Hospital are referral facilities for healthcare serving communities of over 50000 people. The national referral hospitals are situated in proximity of Asmara, the capital city, and they house specialized training and research centers. 
The healthcare system in Eritrea is ranked as one of the lowest worldwide. A third of the population lives below the poverty threshold. The government provides access to free healthcare to its citizens. 
If traveling as a non-Eritrean citizen, patients must pay for healthcare services before treatment. Supplemental health insurance is strongly recommended when traveling.

Information for Health Care Professionals 

Medical professionals are in high demand in all specialties as well as medical facilities and supplies. The majority of healthcare facilities in Eritrea surround infectious disease treatments and maternity and neonatal specialties. 

Information for Travelers

The main languages spoken in Eritrea include Tigre, Tigringa, Arabic, English and Italian. 
Meningitis is known to be most prevalent in Eritrea during dry seasons spanning from December to June. Eritrea has a high burden in infectious diseases.
All travelers are advised to be up to date on routine vaccinations. Moreover, the following vaccinations are recommended prior to travelling to Eritrea: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis.

Ministry of Heath Website: