Ethiopia

Information for Patients
Healthcare in Ethiopia tends to focus on preventative medicine given the poor infrastructure found throughout the country as is common in many developing countries. While a fast growing nation, it does have a weak health system and suffers in its ability to address malaria and rates of maternal mortality – however improvements in the previous decade have been made thanks to aid organizations and humanitarian work to respond to the Millennium Development goals (MDGs) and now the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) laid out by the United Nations in 2015. Private care tends to be of higher quality and the go to for both expats and wealthier Ethiopians. While healthcare is not universal, the government does have the intention for it by 2035.


Information for Health Care Professionals
All approval and consultations are required to be done via the Ethiopian Embassy or representation within your jurisdiction. Please consult both the local Ethiopian embassy/consulate as well as the representative of a key Ethiopian medical society in order to understand the requirements needed to practice medicine in Ethiopia.

English is the language of instruction for medical education in Ethiopia.


Information for Travelers 
Healthcare in Ethiopia varies depending on the region of the country, with the best healthcare tending to be concentrated in the capital of Addis Ababa, which includes many specially hospitals such as Ghandi Memoriall Hospital and St Paul’s. Healthcare is not universal and both travelers and expats are required to have private insurance (usually provided by employer if relocating to Ethiopia).  Medical tourism does occur from neighboring countries such as Sudan as the health service is stronger than many neighboring countries. 
Amharic is the main language in Ethiopia however all doctors can speak English. Some older doctors may speak Italian as well.

Yellow fever vaccinations along with certificate is required prior to arrival in the country. Hepatitis A and B, along with Cholera, shots are recommended prior to arrival. Malarial tablets are also recommended.

Link to the Ministry of health website for that country: http://www.moh.gov.et/ejcc/ 


 

 

References:
https://www.britannica.com/place/Ethiopia/Health-and-welfare 
https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id=Ethiopia-Healthcare 
https://ethiopiahealth.blogs.wm.edu/ethiopian-health-system/ 
https://improvingphc.org/strengthening-primary-health-care-systems-increase-effective-coverage-and-improve-health-outcomes-ethiopia 
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953619301492