Indonesia

Information for patients: 

Indonesia’s community health system is organised in three tiers: community health centres, health sub-centres and village-level integrated posts. Most hospitals in Indonesia are in urban areas. Government expenditure on healthcare was 3.1% of its total gross domestic product in 2018 [1].

The Indonesian government introduced a universal social health insurance coverage in 2014 [1]. Indonesian can have free dental care and medicine, as well as emergency services and organ transplants. As of August 2019, nearly 80% of the Indonesian are covered by this scheme. However, the government have a recent plan to rise premium incomes and remove approximately 5 million people who never used the scheme or were dead from this scheme due to finance deficits [2].

Information for health care professionals:

There are currently no legally licensed foreign medical professionals working in Indonesia [3]. However, foreign doctors who are specialists can work in Indonesia if they have registered with the Health Ministry and have a recommendation from their home country's doctors' association.

The registration temporarily valid for one year and renewable. The main requirements for registration are: a letter of good standing from country of origin required, proficient in English and Bahasa Indonesia, and pass a local adaptation period requirement [4].

General Medicine seems to be the most supplied area. However, due to the lack of specialist doctors in underdeveloped regions, the most demand specialists are Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Internal Medicine, General Surgery and Anaesthetics [5].

Information for travellers: 

Although medical tourism is more likely to boost in adjacent countries, it has been a new target for Indonesian government since 2017.

Measles vaccine is recommended as health officials have reported several cases of measles in travellers coming from Bali. Japanese encephalitis vaccine is also recommended to be the best protection against that mosquito-borne disease [6].

Most medical staff in public hospitals in large cities and popular private international hospitals are highly proficient in English as well as Bahasa Indonesia.

Link to Ministry of Health website: https://www.kemkes.go.id/

References:
[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Healthcare_in_Indonesia
[2] https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/Indonesia-struggles-to-pay-for-huge-universal-health-care-program
[3] https://coconuts.co/jakarta/news/there-are-no-legally-licensed-foreign-medical-professionals-working-indonesia-health/
[4] https://asean.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Registration-Requirement-for-Foreign-MP-Updated-AJCCM-22For-Publicati....pdf
[5] https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/02/03/disadvantaged-regions-to-get-more-medical-specialists.html
[6] https://www.passporthealthusa.com/destination-advice/indonesia/