Information for Patients
The Italian national healthcare system is known as the Sistema Sanitario Nazionale (SSN). This system provides free access to primary medical services (i.e. GP, immunization and pediatrician services) to residents and citizen. These can be accessed by local Azienda Sanitaria Locale (ASL). Some medical services such as medical imaging and vaccinations may require a co-pay system referred to as a ticket.
EU citizens are eligible to use their European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) to access medical treatment in Italy free of charge or at a reduced cost in public healthcare providers.
Non-EU citizens are required to have private medical insurance cover.
Information for Health Care Professionals
A Non-EU applicant seeking to practice medicine in Italy must have a degree that is recognized by the Italian Ministry of Health. The applicant must then register with the local professional medical order (Ordine dei Medici).
The language of instruction throughout the country is Italian, with some northern, bordering regions speaking German or French.
According to WHO, Italy holds the second most efficient health system worldwide.
The Italian health care field is currently, and foresees future suffering from severe shortages in medical doctors.
Information for Travelers
It is recommended to have completed routine vaccinations before travelling to Italy, including hepatitis A and B, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia and influenza.
In case of an emergency, call 118 for ambulance service.
Ministry of Health Website: http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/home.html