Kyrgyzstan

Information for Patients
Kyrgyzstan is a low middle-income country and the second poorest country in Central Asia after Tajikistan, in which 32% of the population lives below the poverty line. Following the breakup of the Soviet Union which saw the creation of the Kyrgyz Republic, political instability and corruption plagued the country up until 2010. While still politically and economically fragile, the country has made significant efforts towards sustainable development. There is activity towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and there was a sustainable development strategy present until 2017, which includes priority for maternal health. Healthcare is divided into both public and private healthcare, with many aid organisations operating in the country. All Kyrgyzstan citizens receive health coverage via national insurance and is universal.


Information for Health Care Professionals
All medical professionals must have all legal documents both notarized and legalized by the local Kyrgyz Embassy or Consulate and submit to relevant medical associations. Upon submission to the local embassy, exams for specific specialties must be submitted. It is also vital to double check with key medical societies within Kyrgyzstan to understand key requirements for practice. Many health practitioners coming from Russia can be fast tracked to practice in the country. 

The language of medical instruction in Kyrgyzstan is Russian.


Information for Travelers 
Medical tourism in the country is not common due to the poor infrastructure of healthcare facilities in the country, however higher standard of care and quality can be found in both the capital Bishkek and the city of Osh. Travelers and expats are adviced to have health insurance prior to arrival that can cover private care access for care beyond the public primary healthcare services (which is adequate for routine checkups). No vaccines are required prior to traveling to Kyrgyzstan. 

The common language of hospitals in Kyrgyzstan is both Russian and Kyrgyz (a local Turkic language), however all doctors and the majority of the country speak Russian. Fluency in English is very rare. 


The local Ministry of Health website: http://www.med.kg/index.php/en/ 


 

 

References:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21697030
https://www.ap-companies.com/services/ekspatam/kyrgyzstan/
http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/Health-systems/pages/news/news/2016/10/kyrgyzstan-examines-transforming-national-health-system-towards-universal-health-coverage
https://www.uhcpartnership.net/country-profile/kyrgyz-republic/