Information for Patients
Many of the Liberian healthcare facilities are run by the government, donors, or through NGOs, including faith-based organizations. Government’s spending on the healthcare sector is modest. Its funding relies heavily external donor funding. Out of Pocket payments accounted for around 35% of the total health expenditure, with approximately 85% of the out of pocket payments made to private healthcare providers. One of the biggest challenges faced by the Liberian healthcare sector is the poor distribution and storage of pharmaceuticals and other supplies, as well as the limited supply of human resources, including doctors, specialists, pharmacists, and laboratory technicians.
Information for Health Care Professionals
All health facilities are required to obtain both a business license and a health facility license, and to obtain a health facility license, the facility must be staffed by a licensed physician. Hence, it is common to see a licensed physician from the public health sector also associated with a non-physician-owned private facility. In 2012, Liberia had 215 registered and licensed physicians, with only 144 of them being doctors and less than 15 of them being specialized clinical physicians, in the country. Due to the shortage of medical specialists, the Liberia College of Physicians and Surgeons was officially launched in 2013 to train specialists in Internal Medicine, Paediatrics, General Surgery and Obstetrics and Gynaecology. However, specialties like Oncology and Haematology are still lacking staff. According to the statistics published in 2016, out of the 298 doctors listed, 203 are Liberians, and the remaining 95 are foreigners. Liberia is multilingual country where more than 30 languages are spoken. English is the official language but people usually speak it with different varieties.
Information for Travellers
Since the healthcare sector in Liberia is still developing, there is little to no inbound medical tourism. Instead, Liberians are attracted to seek medical services abroad, with India being one of the popular destinations. Liberia was heavily devastated by the Ebola epidemic, which started in 2014. It was the last country still to be affected by the outbreak and over 4800 people were killed by the virus. Travellers to Liberia are recommended to receive certain vaccinations, including Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid, Yellow Fever, Rabies, Polio and Routine Vaccination.
Link to Ministry of Health: http://moh.gov.lr/