Information for Patients
The Ministry of Health and the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) are the central health ministries in Lithuania. The active population of the country, in order to be covered, has to contribute to the NHIF. The remaining population, including children, students, the unemployed etc., is automatically covered. The NHIF purchased all personal health services and contracts with both the public and private healthcare service providers on equal terms. Europeans citizens with an EHIC card can also get free access to healthcare services in Lithuania. However, patients have to pay the full cost of both prescribed and over-the-counter outpatient medications. 

Most of the inpatient services in Lithuania are publicly provided. Specialist outpatient services, on the other hand, are delivered by the outpatient departments of hospitals or polyclinics, as well as by private providers. Patients with primary care needs can seek help from either municipality-owned facilities or smaller private practices. 

Information for Health Care Professionals
Anyone who wants to be employed or self-employed as physicians in Lithuania must have a valid license for medical practice issued by the Lithuanian Government or be submitted declaration of temporary and occasional provision of services of regulated professions, assigned to the Lithuanian Ministry of Health mentoring field. Applicants must know the Lithuanian language. 

Generally speaking, plastic surgery, orthopaedic traumatology, vascular surgery and dentistry are some of the popular medical services provided by Lithuania. However, the treatment of cardiovascular diseases and other life-threatening illnesses in Lithuanian are yet to be improved. Early detection and treatment of cancer, despite improvement in recent years, are also lagging behind most European Union countries. This is mainly due to the absence of a systematic invitation practice for screening. 

Information for Travellers
Inbound medical tourism in Lithuania is getting more and more popular. It is because the prices of medical services in Lithuania are relatively low when compared with other European countries. The private sector also relies heavily on businesses from overseas medical tourists, hence the facilities and services are very much geared to the foreigners. Prior to their visit to Lithuania, travellers are recommended to receive Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Rabies and Routine Vaccination. Even though Lithuanian is the official language of the country, some doctors can also speak English, Russian and Polish. 

Link to Ministry of Health: