Nigeria

Information for Patients
Healthcare in Nigeria is complex and bureaucratic. The Federal Ministry of Health overseas teaching and tertiary hospitals while the individual Ministry of Health within the separate states of Nigeria generally tend to their own health affairs. Depending on the wealth of the state, healthcare service is mixed throughout the country. Private sector health service is copious and tends to be better serviced than the public sector, with greater quality found in key cities such as Lagos and Abuja. Healthcare in Nigeria is not universal and is at cost, with the private sector being only assessible to more wealthy Nigerians. There are cases of Nigerians being held at ransom in their hospitals if they are unable to pay for service as well, because of the unaffordability for many Nigerians. 


Information for Health Care Professionals
All approval and consultations are required to be done via the Nigerian Embassy or representation within your jurisdiction. Please consult both the local Nigerian embassy/consulate as well as the representative of key Nigerian medical societies in order to understand the requirements needed to practice medicine in Nigeria.

English is the language of instruction for medical education in Nigeria.


Information for Travelers 
Healthcare in Nigeria can be expensive and bureaucratic for foreigners who are thus required to take private health insurance if relocating to Nigeria, usually provided by an employer. Travelers should have travel health insurance prior to arrival. Medical tourism does not occur in Nigeria due to the suboptimal state of public health and the expensive nature of private healthcare. English is the main language in Nigeria and all medical professionals are fluent in English. Many patients may speak local languages such as Ifo, Yoruba and Ibo but all medical professionals are fluent in English.
Yellow fever vaccinations along with certificate are required prior to arrival in the country. Hepatitis A and B, along with Cholera, shots are recommended prior to arrival.

Link to the Ministry of health website for that country: http://www.health.gov.ng/?ecbieknglnophdba 


 

References:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3249694/
https://www.intechopen.com/books/universal-health-coverage/healthcare-coverage-and-affordability-in-nigeria-an-alternative-model-to-equitable-healthcare-delive
https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2019-09-19/nigeria-slowly-improving-its-health-care-system
https://www.rvo.nl/sites/default/files/Market_Study_Health_Nigeria.pdf
https://www.pharmaccess.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/The-healthcare-system-in-Nigeria.pdf