Romania

Information for patients
The healthcare system in Romania is based on Universal Health Coverage. The government finances the healthcare services at primary, secondary and tertiary level. Every citizen that has a valid health card can access these services. The card indicates whether the citizen has paid the necessary insurance. However, even citizens that have not paid insurance are entitled to emergency care. This includes citizens of other European Union countries. Despite the universal health coverage, co-payments for some services are still in place. 

Private hospitals have been increasing in number since Romania joined the EU. They often offer state-of-art medical facilities and can be accessed through direct payments or private health insurance plans.


Information for healthcare professionals
The majority of health care providers are no longer public servants and state employed; rather they are paid through different contractual arrangements by the DHIFs. 

All healthcare professionals in Romania, including doctors, dentists and pharmacists are required to register and get a licence before being able to work. The registration/licensing of doctors, dentists and pharmacists is the responsibility of the corresponding professional associations. Foreign doctors that wish to work in Romania will need to have their medical education recognised and obtain a licence. Fluency in Romanian is mandatory.

Following the high number of health professionals leaving the country, the government has committed to steadily increase the payment and improve working conditions.


Information for travellers
There are more than 400 hospitals in Romania, spread out around the country. However, the quality of the service varies significantly, and it is more likely to get a better quality of treatment in hospitals located in big cities. 
Travellers are advised to buy private medical insurance before travelling to Romania. 

Link to Ministry of Health: http://www.ms.ro


 

 

References
http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/95165/E91689.pdf
https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/state/docs/chp_romania_english.pdf
https://www.expatarrivals.com/europe/romania/healthcare-romania
https://www.expat.com/en/guide/europe/romania/12628-health-care-in-romania.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Healthcare_in_Romania
https://www.economist.com/europe/2019/11/21/romanias-health-care-system-the-eus-worst-struggles-to-reform