Somalia

Information for Patients
The healthcare system in Somalia is underserved and overwhelmed due to ongoing conflict in pockets of the country, led by the Al Shabab terrorist group and ongoing tribal conflict. Healthcare is better in the capital of Mogadishu but barely as this country faces poor infrastructure on all fronts, beyond healthcare. Healthcare in the country is mainly operated by the private sector  with many hospitals run by both donor agencies (from both Turkey and the United Arab Emirates) and key international organizations such as the United Nations. UN agencies and hospitals run by the Turkish and Emirati government tend to provide better healthcare quality than the Somali Public sector hospitals, which are very few albeit growing due to government initiative to build more hospitals and invest in the health sector. As the majority of healthcare in Somalia is private, healthcare is not universal and is patchy throughout the country in terms of accessibility, with difficulty mainly in the rural area. 


Information for Health Care Professionals
In general, it is not easy for many expats to work within the Somali health system and may have a better chance working with foreign aid organizations, NGOs and UN agencies operating within the country. Please check with aid organizations working on the ground for further details on how to get involved. 

English and Arabic are the languages of instruction for medical education in Somalia.


Information for Travelers 
Medical tourism in Somalia does not occur due to the ongoing conflict and minimal health service that can be provided in the country. It is advised to get a travel insurance which covers not only conflict zones for health but also kidnapping and ransom, should you decide to go to Somalia.  Somali and Arabic are the main languages of Somalia, but many doctors are also fluent in English and Italian due to former colonial ties.

Yellow fever vaccinations along with certificate is required prior to arrival in the country. Hepatitis A and B, along with Cholera, shots are recommended prior to arrival. Malarial tablets are also recommended.

Link to the Ministry of health website for that country:  http://moh.gov.so/en/ 


 

References:
https://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s17309e/s17309e.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282401097_Prioritization_in_Somali_health_system_strengthening_a_qualitative_study
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-09/18/c_138401974.htm
https://intpolicydigest.org/2015/10/18/the-role-of-health-care-in-state-building-for-somalia/