Information for Patients
In September 1991, Tajikistan gained independence from the Soviet Union. Since then, the Ministry of Health of Tajikistan has been responsible for the national healthcare policies. The social services such as local healthcare facilities are governed by local authorities. The national healthcare system is mainly funded by the government, however some treatments ask for upfront private payments, which help better fund for procedures and medication.
There is a small number of private facilities that charge for treatments individually.

Information for Health Care Professionals
Tajikistan has been struggling with poverty since before gaining independence. This hurdle is still affecting the healthcare quality whereby hospitals struggle to obtain sufficient medical equipment, pharmaceutical supplies and well-trained healthcare workers.
International medical non-governmental organizations such as Doctors Without Borders  frequently working with the Ministry of Health  to diagnose and treat patients, especially children, with HIV and tuberculosis.
Tajik is the main language of instruction and Russian is taught as a mandatory secondary language.

Information for Travelers
It is unfortunately very common to diagnose tuberculosis (including multi-drug-resistant), typhoid and cholera in the Tajik population. Travelers should take adequate precautions to avoid infections. Recommended vaccinations to take before traveling to Tajikistan include hepatitis A and B, typhoid, rabies, pneumonia and all other routine vaccinations such as polio and tetanus. Depending on travel plans, travelers should prepare against malaria.
Travelers who plan to stay in Tajikistan for longer than 3 months are also required to prove they are free from HIV.
Common languages spoken in hospitals in Tajikistan are Tajik and Russian.

Link to the Ministry of health website for Tajikistan: http://moh.tj/?lang=en