Tanzania

Information for Patients
Like much of Sub Saharan Africa, healthcare in Tanzania is divided between the public and health sector. The public sector is massively diverse throughout the country, with many rural areas facing severe deficiencies in services. Community health workers also provide in initial primary services in hard to reach areas of the country whereas NGOs and churches fill the the gaps for areas where the public sector is finding difficult to meet. The private sector is traditionally of higher quality, especially in the capital. Nevertheless, the government has taken key initiatives to standardize medical education throughout the country while also improve the quality of service delivered. There are four health insurance schemes within the country which are available to citizens. Namely, these are the National health insurance Fund (NHIF), Social Health Insurance Benefit (SHIB), the Community health Fund (CHF) and Tiba Kwa Kadi (TIKA).


Information for Health Care Professionals
All approval and consultations are required to be done via the Tanzanian Embassy or representation within your jurisdiction. Please consult both the local Tanzanian embassy/consulate as well as the representative of a key Tanzanian medical society in order to understand the requirements needed to practice medicine in Tanzania.

English is the language of instruction for medical education in Tanzania.


Information for Travelers 
While healthcare in Tanzania may not be the highest in quality, many from neighboring countries such as the DRC to make their way to Tanzania to take advantage of a functioning system. Expats can utilize the public services, but it is recommended that one to take on private health insurance coverage. The official languages of Tanzania are both English and Swahili, but the general public is linguistically diverse, and the lingua franca varies from region to region in the country. Nonetheless, all medical professionals speak fluent English.

Yellow fever vaccinations along with certificate is required prior to arrival in the country. Hepatitis A and B, along with Cholera, shots are recommended prior to arrival. Malarial tablets are also recommended.

Link to the Ministry of health website for that country:  https://www.moh.go.tz/en/ 

 

 

References:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23254848
https://www.healthpolicyproject.com/pubs/803_TanzaniaHealthsystembriefFINAL.pdf
https://expatfinancial.com/healthcare-information-by-region/african-healthcare-system-and-insurance-options-for-expats/tanzania-healthcare-system-for-expatriates/
https://www.jstor.org/stable/23319321?seq=1
https://www.who.int/workforcealliance/knowledge/resources/MLHWCountryCaseStudies_annex5_Tanzania.pdf