Information for patients: 

Vietnam reformed a universal health care system in 2014. The Vietnam’s government worked closely with Thailand’s government, which has a successful model of its universal health care. The aim is to cover 80% of all those legally residing in Vietnam by 2020 for basic medical care. The government subsidises 80% of hospital fees for low-income families and full medical fees for poor people and ethnic minorities living in disadvantaged areas [1].

Most Vietnamese citizens have to pay for medical services themselves at both public and private hospitals as the national health insurance plan in Vietnam is in progress. [2]

Information for health care professionals:

To obtain family doctor practice certificates in Vietnam, foreign medical practitioners must possess a degree granted or recognised in Vietnam. A certification of medical examination and treatment practice of at least 18 consecutive months is required. Foreign practitioners must have not been banned from professional practice. The applicant must be proficient in Vietnamese as it is the language of instruction. Otherwise, a translator can be made on request [3].

Information for travellers: 

The number of medical tourists in Vietnam is over 80,000 with the medical sector grows by 18-20% per year [4].

Antimalarials are recommended when visiting rural areas. Japanese encephalitis is recommended. The mosquito-borne virus. Oral vaccination may be required to reduce the chance of Cholera. [5] 

Vietnamese is the most common language in hospital. Other spoken languages include Chinese, Russian, English, French, Korean, and Spanish, among others [6].

Link to Ministry of Health website: